FLEXNER, ABRAHAM (1866–1959), U.S. scholar, and one of America's most creative educators. Flexner, who was born in Louisville, Kentucky, studied classics at Johns Hopkins University, and graduated in 1886. After teaching Latin and Greek at the Louisville High School (1886–90), he founded a unique college preparatory school which dispensed with rules, examinations, records, and reports. In 1905 he turned from the successful operation of his school to continue his studies at Harvard in psychology, philosophy, and science, with special reference to their bearing upon educational problems. During 1905–06, he studied the anatomy of the brain at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, New York. He spent 1906–07 studying psychology and philosophy at the University of Berlin, where he came under the influence of Friedrich Paulsen, philosopher, pedagogue, and historian of German higher education. His review of higher education, The American College, published in 1908, attracted the attention of President Henry S. Pritchett of the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, who commissioned Flexner to survey medical schools in the United States. The subsequent report, published in 1910 as Medical Education in the United States and Canada, was a critical analysis of 154 medical schools, seven of them Canadian. Although not a physician, Flexner was able to bring about a fundamental reform in all aspects of medical education in the United States. This was followed by an analysis of European medical schools during 1910–11 and the publication of Medical Education in Europe (1912). Another important study was Prostitution in Europe (1914). As a staff member and secretary of the General Education Board, 1912–28, Flexner undertook various educational inquiries and published, with F.P. Bachman as collaborator, Public Education in Maryland (1916) and The Gary Schools (1918). His A Modern College (1923) contained influential educational ideas and suggestions for the reform of secondary and higher education. His Universities: American, English, German (1930) was a severe criticism of functionalism in American higher institutions. His last major achievement was the founding, organization, and direction (1930–39) of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. His other writings include: Do Americans Really Value Education? (1927); Henry S. Pritchett: A Biography (1943); Daniel Coit Gilman, Creator of the American Type of University (1946); and Funds and Foundations (1952). His autobiography, I Remember (1940), was revised, updated, and posthumously published as Abraham Flexner: An Autobiography (1960). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: F. Parker, in: Journal of Medical Education, 36 (1961), 709–14; idem, in: History of Education Quarterly, 2 (1962), 199–209; Strauss, in: Journal of the American Medical Association, 173 (1960), 1413–16; New York Times, Sept. 22, 1959. (William W. Brickman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Flexner, Abraham — born Nov. 13, 1866, Louisville, Ky., U.S. died Sept. 21, 1959, Falls Church, Va. U.S. educator. He taught high school for almost 20 years. When the Carnegie Foundation asked him to evaluate the 155 U.S. and Canadian medical colleges, his report… …   Universalium

  • Flexner, Abraham — (13 nov. 1866, Louisville, Ky., EE.UU.–21 sep. 1959, Falls Church, Va.). Educador estadounidense. Fue docente en escuelas secundarias durante casi 20 años, hasta que la Fundación Carnegie le pidió evaluar las 155 escuelas de medicina de EE.UU. y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Flexner, Abraham — (1866 1959)    American educationalist. Born in Louisville, Kentucky, he published a review of higher education: The American College: A Criticism. In 1910 he published Medical Education in the United States and Canada. His other works include:… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Abraham — V. «seno de Abraham». * * * Abraham. □ V. seno de Abraham. * * * Abraham (en hebreo, אַבְרָהָם, en árabe, ابراهيم, Ibrāhīm), es uno de los patriarcas del pueblo de Israel; según la Biblia, debió de nacer en Ur de los caldeos, en la desembocadura… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abraham — /ay breuh ham , heuhm/, n. 1. the first of the great Biblical patriarchs, father of Isaac, and traditional founder of the ancient Hebrew nation: considered by Muslims an ancestor of the Arab peoples through his son Ishmael. 2. a male given name:… …   Universalium

  • Abraham Flexner — (November 13 1866, Louisville, Kentucky September 21 1959) was an American educator. His Flexner Report, published in 1910, reformed medical education in the United States. He also helped found the Institute for Advanced Study at… …   Wikipedia

  • FLEXNER — FLEXNER, U.S. family. SIMON FLEXNER (1863–1946), U.S. physician and medical scientist, was born in Louisville, Ken., son of Morris Flexner, a Bohemian immigrant. He was the author of more than 350 scientific papers and monographs and joint author …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Flexner — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Abraham Flexner (1866–1959), US amerikanischer Pädagoge Jennie Maas Flexner (1882–1944), US amerikanische Bibliothekarin Simon Flexner (1863–1946), US amerikanischer Mediziner Für das Flexnermassiv, einen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Flexner Report — The Flexner Report is a book length study of medical education in the United States and Canada, written by the professional educator Abraham Flexner and published in 1910 under the aegis of the Carnegie Foundation. Many aspects of the present day …   Wikipedia

  • Abraham Flexner — Rapport Abraham Flexner Le Rapport Flexner fut un évènement important dans l’histoire de la médecine américaine et canadienne. Il s’agit d’une étude sur les conditions de l’enseignement médical au début des années 1900 qui donna naissance à… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”